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Identify the tornado — part II

Come on, that was WAAAY to easy, the answers are at the bottom of the page!

Atleast only post the direct URL to the image, ideally, you should save the photograph and upload it to another server so as to hinder everybody from just right-clicking and using "properties."

God I love this contest, thanks for bringing it back Thomas!
Where's the picture??

DUUHHH! That wasn't fair...I can't even see the picture!! Your picture link was broken...

Damn, and I thought it was just my own crappy computer that wouldn’t load the picture. Oops. Well, anyway, yes, it was Dallas, TX, April 2, 1957; not a rare snapshot since it is one of something like 125, and 2000 feet of movie film. Tony was close enough, so it's his turn to pick a photo.
Ooh! I know . . . but I'll let some other people have a go first.
Yep, it is the F4 tornado right after it went through Parker, IN at 346pm, and I presume it is damaging Monroe Central at this point.

On another point, look at those multiple vortices! I've never seen them so clear before.

Pick a new photo Jon.
Come on for this concept to work we need photographs frequently, don't just guess and then not post a new photo.

Also, I think it will make the game more interesting if we attach additional info on the storm when posting an answer. I'm a historical tornado enthusiast and love to read the background behind the photographs.

An entry from Significant Tornadoes, a web-link or something else would be great. I don't own a copy of Sig Tors, could you PM me the entry for the Parker Tornado to me Thomas?

I have some links and info on the Parker tornado that I will write in the next post.

Additional information on the Parker tornado

The Parker tornado touched down at 335pm and traveled for 15 miles before entering Parker at 346pm, doing F4 damage.

A man traveling east on Hwy-32 caught 2 views of the tornado just before it entered Parker:

A second photographer east of town caught this view of the tornado just before hitting Parker:

The tornado exited Parker, crossed Hwy-32 and struck Monroe Central and a some homes, killing a woman.

Wally Hubbard, a freelance photographer for WISH-TV back in '74, was driving home on Hwy-32 when news broke about the 254pm Kennard IN F4 tornado. (In the same family as the Parker tornado) He stopped and caught the only known footage of the Parker tornado as it crossed Hwy-32. He had a similar view as photographer #2, from the east side of the storm.

In the meanwhile photographer #1 snapped a photo at the same moment that spectacular multiple vortices revealed themselves on the footage, but from the west side of the storm:

The tornado after Monroe Central, destroying a row of trees:

That was what I could find of information on the Parker F4, maybe Thomas can contribute with more stuff!

BTW, at the beginning of the article from WISH-TV, there's a still from footage of the Kennard tornado! Film of that tornado (perhaps the same) is also available on TVC III, as well as an amazing photograph in the guide.

While we’re at it, from Significant Tornadoes:

The Dallas tornado
TX • APR 2, 1957 • 1615 • 10k • 216inj • 125y • 15m • F3 • DALLAS—This was among the most photographed and studied tornadoes in history. Touching down 2m SE of Red Bird Airport, the funnel passed 2.5m W of downtown Dallas. It lifted three quarters of a mile west of the Weather Bureau station at Love Field. The path width varied from 50–200 yards. The late afternoon hour provided a good angle for lighting, and a lack of rain made for good visibility. The fairly slow movement (30 mph) and long path gave people time to reach a camera. The analysis of these photographs made significant advancements in the understanding of tornado wind speeds and the tornado lifecycle. Photos were taken by at least 125 people and included over 2000 feet of movie film. Some of the 16mm film is, to this day, unequalled in closeup quality. About 131 homes were completely destroyed, 111 had major damage, and 287 had minor damage. Over 500 homes were hit, and some were leveled to the ground. The construction of many of these homes was so poor, however, that an F4 rating seems inappropriate. Many of them were built without wall studding. In addition, 12 apartment houses were severely damaged, along with 5 churches, 28 businesses, and 10 commercial warehouse buildings. Eight of the ten deaths were in two clusters of homes. One was a mile south of the Trinity River, and one was a mile north. Most of the dead were elderly or children. $1,500,000.

The Parker tornado
IN • APR 3, 1974 • 1535 • 1k • 12inj • 1000y • 22m • F4 • HENRY/DELAWARE/RANDOLPH/JAY—(#33)Moved NNE from 1m SW of Blountsville, passing east of Parker and ending 3m N of Ridgeville, just over the Jay County border. The funnel was a mile wide as it crossed Hwy-32 east of Parker, and displayed remarkably clear multiple vortices. It ripped apart the large, steel-reinforced Monroe Central School complex on one side of Hwy-32, and leveled homes on the other side, killing a woman. Forests were “reduced to matchsticks.†Students from Monroe Central had been dismissed 20 minutes earlier.

—Both from Significant Tornadoes 1680–1991 by Thomas P. Grazulis, St. Johnsbury, VT: The Tornado Project, 1993.

The data across the top row is: state/date/time of touchdown, in local standard time/deaths/injuries/average path width, in yards/path length, in miles/F-scale rating/county-ies affected.
Simon, that's a great photo of the Parker tornado! I haven't seen it till now; thanks for posting it.

Does anyone have photos from the Palm Sunday 1965 outbreak that aren't available on the Net? If so, would you mind sharing them with us?
Palm Sunday Outbreak

Found one interesting photo from that Palm Sunday Outbreak, April 11, 1965 (Geez, I was only 12 at the time!):


Go to bottom of page and you will see a rare double tornado that occurred on that day. Can anybody place where that "double trouble" tornado was and what the F rating was?? :?:
Larry, that's a rather famous photo of the tornado that hit a trailer park near Dunlap. It's one from a sequence caught by press photographer Paul Huffman. You can view the entire sequence on Blake Naftel's superb coverage of the Palm Sunday Outbreak on his website, mammatus.com. He includes several other Palm Sunday tornado photos there as well, along with quite a few damage photos.
Bob is Right!

Bob is correct in identifying the tornado and its location. However he forgit to answer the F question, 10 points off for missing that!

Here's a paragraph from my source:


The only F5 tornado of the outbreak formed near Wyatt, Indiana, and moved east-northeast toward the town of Dunlap, Indiana (this is the tornado pictured above right). This was the infamous "double tornado" that hit the Sunnyside subdivision. Most of the 36 people killed in the double tornado had no warning because the high winds had knocked out the telephone and power grids. For the first time in the U.S. Weather Bureau's history, all nine counties in the northern Indiana office's jurisdiction were under a tornado warning. This is called a "blanket tornado warning."

It's Bob's turn!
I might add, the tornado was rated an F5.
My family lived in Niles, Michigan, at the time of the outbreak. I was around eight years old and already a confirmed tornado freak. My mother took me down to see damage near Dunlap. It's something I've never forgotten.
Ah, Larry...ya beat me to the punch! :oops:

My turn? Shoot, I'll rummage around and see what I've got, but it'll be a few days. Meanwhile, don't anyone wait on me if you've got something good.
Bob and Larry, to my knowledge none of the Palm Sunday tornadoes attained a rating higher than F4. Personally I don't trust Wikipedia. http://www.spc.noaa.gov/archive/tornadoes/f5torns.htm lists no F5 storms for april 11, 1965, neither does NCDC. I believe the only person who can settle this is Tom Grazulis; maybe Loades can provide additional information from Significant Tornadoes?

Bob Hartig wrote:
Does anyone have photos from the Palm Sunday 1965 outbreak that aren't available on the Net? If so, would you mind sharing them with us?
All the photographs I know of are already on mammatus.com. Though there must be more out there. One area that needs to be looked closer at is the Dunlap area.

It was hit by 5 tornadoes through the afternoon, including the twin-funnels, and logic tells me that media, out covering the damage after the first tornadoes, must've gotten loads of photographs (and footage?) of the following tornadoes!

There's only one photograph on Naftel's page showing a tornado an hour after the twin-funnels:

The damage in the foreground was done by the twin-funnels. Interestingly the caption reads: "F5 tornado north of Dunlap."

Oh and btw, Larry gets -30 points of his score because his F-rating was wrong :D
Simon, I've read the same thing regarding only F4s on Palm Sunday. I've seen the Sunnyside twin vortex referred to as both an F4 and an F5. There seems to be some uncertainty, and I'm certainly not in any position to settle the issue. I'll gladly defer to Grazulis.

I knew that the Dunlap area got nailed twice, but I was unaware there was as much tornadic action as you mention. I would love to get more details. It would be a great event for some enterprising journalistic type to dig into, particularly since--unlike the Great Tri-State Tornado and other past disasters--it's relatively recent history, and many of those who lived through it are still alive.

A week or so after the outbreak, a special section of the South Bend Tribune was published that provided local coverage of the disaster. It was titled "The Dark Passage." Many of the Palm Sunday tornado photos that are out on the Net appeared in it, but I recall one photo that I haven't seen since, and one that I've rarely encountered in print, and never on the Net. I'm tempted to contact the Tribune and see whether they have "The Dark Passage" somewhere in their archives. It's been many years, but I'd love to get my hands on it.
According to Significant Tornadoes, there were F5s on 4/11/1965 — just not according to the NWS. Anyway, Grazulis lists the Dunlap/Sunnyside, IN, and Strongsville/Grafton, OH events that day as F5, and notes that several F4s that day produced near-F5 damage. Some of the damage photos on www.mammatus.com show pretty obvious F5 damage; I don't know how this could have been overlooked when the NWS were assigning these historical F-scale rankings in the 1970s.

Oh, and I got one more thing on the 4/3/1974 Parker, IN tornado — photogrammetry of that 16mm film of the tornado showed winds of 284 mph about 1000 ft. above the ground, in a suction vortex. It was calculated that closer to ground level the winds were around 210 mph.

And I still can't post images properly! What am I supposed to be doing?
Bob Hartig wrote:I knew that the Dunlap area got nailed twice, but I was unaware there was as much tornadic action as you mention.
A mistake on my part, Dunlap was hit by 2 tornadoes, while Elkhart county was hit by 5 tornadoes total. Naftel claims this on his website.

Ok, so we've established that:
1) two F5-rated tornadoes did infact occur on april 11, 1965.
2) Dunlap tornado #1 (the twin-funnels) was one of those tornadoes.
3) Dunlap tornado #2 hit an hour later at ~715pm and was an F4. Only one known photo depict this storm:

Additional tornado photo-documentation:
The Kokomo, IN F4 tornado. Obviously more photographs exists of this storm than the one shown on mammatus.com, if you go by this quote: "Our photographers began taking pictureS..." from this article http://www.mammatus.com/cenindy.html

Dunlap, IN F4 tornado #2. It would seem reasonable to assume that media and area residents were out and about photographing the damage from the 1st tornado and thus would be in excellent position to witness and photograph the 2nd tornado that occured an hour later.

Toledo, OH F4 tornado. It's been mentioned several times that more photographs were taken than the one that is shown on mammatus.com

PS: I hope this makes sense, I've been awake for a long time LOL :lol:

I forgot, Thomas you post pictures by using the BBcode available to you when you're creating posts. Use
tags when linking to a picture file, and tags when linking to an html file with an embeded image. For example, the correct way to link to the Dallas photograph is to do this:



Bob, call up the South Bend Tribune at once! :lol: I'm dying to see those photographs now. If you don't post them soon I'll start having dreams in my sleep where I discover those and finally see the storm itself. :eek: (This have actually occured, among others, with the Guin AL F5 tornado of april 3, 1974 :lol:)
OK, let's try this again:

Here's another purty picture for y'all to identify —

Thanks for the help, Simon! :)