I know there’s a hole in my knowledge/understanding of this concept. If the answer is long and difficult, could someone perhaps suggest a link that would help?

Below is of list of aspects of this problem that I think are correct based on many different online resources I’ve read or listened to. Please point out any mistakes I’ve made. I’m having trouble understanding how everything in the list can be correct. (Example: I don’t understand how #1 can be correct if #2 and #3 are correct.

1. Planetary Vorticity is exactly equal to Coriolis.

2. Planetary Vorticity is a function of latitude.

3. Coriolis always acts to the right (Northern Hemisphere) not only when moving N/S or S/N, but also E/W or W/E since a move to the West necessarily requires an object to slow down relative to the Earth’s rotation and a move to the East necessarily requires an object to speed up relative to the Earth’s rotation. This slowing down or speeding up exerts an apparent force that pushes the object toward a latitude which is of a smaller circumference or larger circumference respectively.

4. Coriolis (acting to the right) always contributes to an increase in Positive Vorticity.